A non-government information center on Turkey

Un centre d'information non-gouvernemental sur la Turquie

46th Year / 46e Année
2022 August
N° 528
53 rue de Pavie - 1000 Bruxelles
Tél: (32-2) 215 35 76
Chief Editor /Rédacteur en chef: 
Dogan Ozgüden

Responsible editor/Editrice responsable:

Inci Tugsavul
Human Rights
Pressures on  media
Kurdish Question
Interior politics
Armed Forces
Religious affairs
Regional Relations
Cyprus and Greece

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Titres des évènements du mois
Titles of this month's events

La Confédération des Bandes Mafieuses se disloque - Ragip Duran

Droits de l'Homme / Human Rights

Kavala to send ECtHR decision to all MPs

Pression sur les médias / Pressure on the Media

Imprisoned Kurdish journalists not allowed to use fridge amid scorching heat

Kurdish Question / Question kurde

Kurdistan National Congress: How can Turkey be stopped?
Aysel Tuğluk forced to make defense in Kobanî trial despite dementia

Minorités / Minorities

"Türkiye should recognize Ezîdî genocide"

2717 Yézidis victimes de l’EI toujours portés disparus

Young Armenian with autism was severely beaten to death

Politique intérieure/Interior Politics

La Confédération des Bandes Mafieuses se disloque - Ragip Duran

Forces armées/Armed Forces

Affaires religieuses / Religious Affairs
Alevi communities in Turkey: Discriminated and persecuted

Socio-économique / Socio-economic

Men killed 28 women in July

Relations turco-européennes / Turkey-Europe Relations

Chants pro-Poutine à Fenerbahçe: l'UEFA inflige 50.000 euros d'amende au club turc
Une centaine de parlementaires français dénoncent "la politique de guerre d'Erdogan"
Fenerbahçe refuse de s'excuser auprès de l'Ukraine pour les slogans pro-Poutine

Turquie-USA-OTAN / Turkey-USA-NATO

Relations régionales / Regional Relations

A Sotchi, Erdogan et Poutine font ami-ami

Chypre et la Grèce / Cyprus and Greece

Immigration / Migration

Droits de l'Homme / Human Rights

Kavala to send ECtHR decision to all MPs

Main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) deputy Utku Çakırözer on Saturday (July 30) visited the Gezi trial convicts Osman Kavala, Tayfun Kahraman, Hakan Altınay, and Can Atalay.

Sending a message through Çakırözer, Kavala said, "I will get the ECtHR's latest decision regarding Türkiye, which did not comply with the decision that my arrest is a rights violation, translated, and send it to the all deputies at the Grand National Assembly of Türkiye.

"All deputies should know and read the issue of violation of Article 18, which explains that these were done deliberately, especially for the purpose of silencing and deterring."

In late April, Kavala, a businessperson and a rights defender was sentenced to aggravated life imprisonment for "attempting to overthrow the government" in the case concerning the countrywide anti-government protests in 2013, known as the Gezi Park protests. Seven other defendants were sentenced to 18 years in prison for aiding the attempt.

Prior to that, Kavala had been behind bars since November 2017 without conviction, despite a 2019 ECtHR decision for his release.

The ECtHR Grand Chamber on July 11 ruled that Türkiye had failed to abide by that decision. It concluded that Turkey violated article 46/1 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) about the binding force of the ECtHR decisions.

In the 2019 verdict, the European court concluded that Turkey had violated article 18 of the ECHR, which prohibits the abuse of powers by the judicial authorities in the limitation on the use of restrictions on rights.

Türkiye has asserted that it abided by the 2019 decision as a court had ordered Kavala's release at the time. However, Kavala remained behind bars after another court, shortly after the ECtHR decision, had ordered his arrest in a case related to the 2016 coup attempt.

"Unlawfulness must end"

Also speaking to MP Çakırözer, the other convicts called for their release.

Tayfun Kahraman said it would be 100 days since their imprisonment on August 3, adding that the appeals court should examine their case as soon as possible.

Hakan Atay said, "No recognizing an ECtHR verdict, not abiding by Council of Europe decisions... These never happened before. Sixty-six governments have been established in Türkiye. The 48 governments that have been established since we became a Council of Europe member have always considered that compliance with ECtHR decisions were in Türkiye's interest."

Speaking to reporters after the visit, MP Çakırözer said, "We have always said and we are saying it again: In Gezi, millions of people exercised their right to protest, which is a constitutional right. Tayfun Kahraman, Hakan Altınay, Can Atalay, Mücella Yapıcı, Mine Özerden, and Çiğdem Mater have been in prison for months, and they will complete their 100th day in prison next week.

"Likewise, Osman Kavala has been under arrest for 1,734 days. It is unfair and unlawful to keep them in prison, even for one day. The Constitutional Court should address their applications as soon as possible, and this unlawfulness should be reversed. These innocent people should be freed immediately." (BIA, 2 August 2022)

Pression sur les médias / Pressure on the Media

Imprisoned Kurdish journalists not allowed to use fridge amid scorching heat

One of the 16 Kurdish journalists who were remanded in custody in June in a "terrorism-related" investigation said they were not allowed to buy TVs, refrigerators to use in their cells.

The prison administration also did not deliver the books sent for them, Ömer Çelik told his family during a visit the Mezopotamya Agency (MA) reported.

The prison administration told them that the books could only be delivered in the first week of September and did not explain why they were not allowed to buy a refrigerator and a TV, said the journalist. Temperatures in the southeastern city of Diyarbakır are currently about 40 Celsius degrees, he noted.

Attorneys of the journalists said they will apply to the Diyarbakır High Security Closed Prison No. 2 administration regarding the issue.

What happened?

On June 8, the police raided several homes and offices of news outlets in the predominantly Kurdish populated province of Diyarbakır. Twenty-two people, including 20 journalists, were detained.

After eight days in detention, a judgeship ruled for the arrest of 16 journalists on "terrorist propaganda" charges, citing their news reports and social media posts as evidence.

During their interrogation, the questions they were asked included what they meant by "Kurdish question" and whether they had received instructions, an attorney of the journalists had told bianet.

The arrests triggered a backlash from journalists and international organizations. (BIA, 4 August 2022)

Kurdish Question / Question kurde

Kurdistan National Congress: How can Turkey be stopped?

The Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) published a document on the new and very justified debate that began in the international community after the Turkish massacre in Zakho.

The Turkish state attacked the village of Perex on July 20. Nine Iraqi citizens were killed, and dozens were injured. Following this massacre, a new and very justified debate began in the international community.

The document underlined that "there has been a lot of discussion so far about putting an end to Turkey's invasion and attacks in Kurdistan in general, and South Kurdistan/Northern Iraq in particular. Such calls were always made by Kurdish public opinion to international powers. But international powers have always remained silent about this illegal behavior of Turkey, which constitutes war crimes. As the reason for this silence, they stated that the Iraqi government did not take a sufficient attitude. Now, with this latest attack, an important opportunity has arisen for these forces to fulfill their obligations. Especially if the UN wants to fulfill its own credibility and its obligations arising from its charter, it should consider this complaint by the Iraqi state as an opportunity. Indeed, Iraq has now explicitly asked them to take steps."

The document reads as follows:

"As a result of the sensitivity and public pressure that emerged after the massacre of Iraqi tourists by Turkey, the UN finally had to make some statements and the UN Security Council had to take an emergency meeting. United Nations on Thursday called for a “prompt and thorough” investigation into the deadly bombardment that struck a tourist resort in the Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province, killing nine Iraqi tourists and injuring 33 other people in an attack by Turkey. The incident was widely condemned by the international community, including the US, the Arab League, China, the European Court of Human Rights, the UK and the UN.

At the Iraqi authorities’ demand the U.N. Security Council held a meeting on 26 July, 2022.  During that meeting the Iraqi government called on the United Nations to pass a resolution to force the withdrawal of the Turkish military from the north of the country. The Iraqi Foreign Minister, also denounced the attack before the UN Security Council, naming it "a flagrant aggression by the Turkish Army against innocent civilians" and stressed that it was "a military aggression against the sovereignty, security and territorial integrity of Iraq". He asked the international body for the mentioned resolution and reminded them that the presence of Turkish troops in the semi-autonomous region of Kurdistan is "illegal", given that it does not have the approval of the Iraqi government nor is it framed in a security or military agreement with Ankara. In this sense, he warned that the presence of Turkish military in this area of the country will increase instability. In a message sent to the Security Council concerning the Turkish attack on 20 July, the Iraqi Foreign Ministry said that “22,740 Turkish violations have been documented. Baghdad demands an apology from the Turkish side for Iraq and its people.

Why did Turkey attack this resort place

The Turkish state did not carry out this attack by mistake; it did it deliberately. This is certain, as Turkish troops are directly opposite the village, and 400-500 Turkish military vehicles are deployed there. There are generally about a thousand tourists based there. The Turkish state also knows that it is a touristic place. The Turkish state can see a person under a tree and assassinate him with its advanced technology, how can it possibly hit a picnic area accidentally? There is no mistake here and the Turkish state did not shell the area just because a commander in the region wanted to do so.

This is Turkey’s official approach in politics. Turkish power elites want to establish their dominance in South Kurdistan and Iraq. They want to intimidate and kidnap people and seek domination by putting psychological pressure in this way. This is not the first attack. For many years they have been killing civilians in Southern Kurdistan, Rojava and Northern Kurdistan based on this policy. They want to intimidate people. And it seems that they don't want it to remain a picnic area; they rather want the area to be left to them. Turkey does not want people in those areas and seeks to establish a complete military domination. In short, the Turkish state carried out this attack on purpose.

Almost 30 thousand Turkish soldiers in South Kurdistan

The number of military points established by the Turkish state in South Kurdistan is around 100, but the number of soldiers currently deployed and active on Iraqi territory is at least 30 thousand. Furthermore, the Turkish state's special forces, commandos, and all expert brigades are currently based in South Kurdistan, that is, in Iraq. In the three-month period from April 14 to July 14, 2022 the number of Turkish bombings by fighter jets on Iraqi territory is 2,574, and the number of attacks by helicopters is 1,933.

Now this attack is being discussed intensely in Iraq, South Kurdistan and throughout Kurdistan. The village of Perex is located in Heftanîn. The village is one and a half kilometres away from the official border of Turkey. There is the Kiryaresh area, where a large Turkish military base is located. The Turkish state has currently occupied 23 hills in Heftanîn, it has built military bases in 23 places, and most of them are located around Perex.

Behind Perex, there are Turkish colonial forces, and there is a border line to the west. In fact, it is a region under the control of Turkish troops.

Turkey did not expect such a reaction

Maybe Turkey didn't expect such a strong reaction to its attack. They did not expect it because they have committed many massacres before that, and no country has ever reacted. For instance, several massacres took place around Qandil, in Sheladize and most recently in Bamerne. Last year, they hit a hospital in Sikeniyê in Shengal (Sinjar) and 8 civilians were martyred. If the Iraqi state and al-Kadhimi government had reacted to Turkey at that time, this latest massacre would not have happened. In August 2020, the two top military commanders of the Iraqi army, Zubayir Hali and Muhammed Rashit, were deliberately murdered by the Turkish state, but the Iraqi Prime Minister submitted to Erdoğan. They didn't react at all. That’s why the Turkish government is acting comfortably, but this time, especially the Iraqi people has given Turkey a very valuable response.

The Iraqi people have declared that 'enough is enough'. The latest attack was the last straw in this sense. A serious reaction has thus developed. When the people showed such a response to Turkey collectively, both Iraqi and South Kurdistan officials made statements, and there has been reaction on the part of the governments.

Although there are some shortcomings, there is a certain level of reaction that has emerged. If they had shown this reaction before, the Turkish state would not have been able to commit such massacres. If the Turkish state is not halted, it could do anything because it wants to establish its dominance over the area. They have such a purpose, and when necessary, they strike without making any distinction between soldiers and civilians.

Massacre, denial and lies

The Turkish state has denied committing this massacre. It even claimed that the "PKK did it". Although Iraq proved that this massacre was committed by the Turkish state, Turkey denied it. This denial causes the world to see Turkey’s reality. What is this reality? This is what Turkey always does. Turkey promotes terror in Kurdistan, but it accuses us of being 'terrorists'. It kills our people but says that 'I don't kill civilians'. It completely denies and ignores the Kurdish people anyway. The reality of the Turkish state is denial, massacre and lies. The Turkish state is practicing state terrorism. This is what the Turkish state is. It has denied this last incident as well. Iraqi authorities have confirmed that Turkey did it, but they don't even take it into account. For example, Turkish authorities did not even reply to Iraq. They even said "Don't fall into a trap, let's cooperate " as if they were talking to a child. They don't even have respect. Therefore, the massacre showed the true face of the Turkish state a little more.

Why has the PKK relocated all their forces to South Kurdistan

Some criticize the PKK, saying that it has carried its war with the Turkish state to South Kurdistan.

There have also been some discussions in the Iraqi Parliament over this issue. Some allege that the PKK enters the territory of North Kurdistan (Turkey) from South Kurdistan, strikes the Turkish forces there, and then returns to South Kurdistan. This is not the case. Nothing like this has happened in the last 10 years. Ten years ago, there was a ceasefire between PKK and the Turkish state. The ceasefire lasted two and a half years. According to the agreement, PKK was set to relocate all their forces to South Kurdistan. They had already withdrawn some of their forces, but when they saw that the Turkish state did not have good intentions, they stopped the withdrawal of the troops. At that time, the Kurdistan Regional Government was also involved in the relocation of PKK forces to South Kurdistan; they knew and confirmed it. Iraq also confirmed it de facto. Guerrilla forces had to withdraw to South Kurdistan to continue negotiations with Turkey. Then Erdogan, halted the peace process even though a memorandum of understanding was signed at Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul. Since then, the Turkish state has been unilaterally mounting attacks wherever PKK has forces. This is how the current war is taking place. Turkey has brought this war to South Kurdistan. They attack PKK unilaterally and want to occupy the lands that comprise the territories of its National Pact.

If the target is the PKK, what are Turkish troops doing in Bashiqa near Mosul?

If the PKK is the cause of the attacks, then why does the Turkish military have a base in Bashiqa? Why did the Turkish state not withdraw its troops from Bashiqa when the Iraqi government asked them to do so 3-4 years ago? Turkey has never withdrawn its forces, and now secretly deploys its troops to Kirkuk. It also wants to occupy Kirkuk through its troops that it deploys as civilians and MIT (Turkish intelligence service) elements. It builds up a force and trains its forces over there. The Turkish state has plans for these lands. This needs to be seen. Maybe a part of the issue concerns the PKK, but the PKK is not the whole problem. This is a reality, too, and must be seen.

How can Iraq, the UN Stop Turkish occupation

Despite the current internal problems, the Iraqi state holds a strong position against the Turkish state. And now for example, if Iraq closes the border gate for two months and does not trade with Turkey, it could even cause the AKP-MHP government to collapse. Currently, South Kurdistan and Iraq are like a lifesaver for the Turkish state. Turkey sells its products in these lands. If the Iraqi state halts trade with Turkey now, Turkey will not be able to endure the resulting economic crisis and will collapse. In other words, Iraq has an economic card which strengthens its hand. Iraq can take a stance and give the necessary answer to the Turkish state in this way. In this manner, not only the people who were killed in Perex-Zakho, but also 138 of civilians who were martyred on Iraqi soil as a result of the Turkish attacks in the last 7 years, including those who were martyred by colonialism in South Kurdistan, Iraq and Rojava, can rest in peace. Therefore, such an attitude needs to be developed.

So, the fact that today the Turkish state is occupying ever larger parts of Southern Kurdistan, establishing military bases, causing massacres in towns and villages with artillery and air strikes, and that Iraq is unable to show a deterrent reaction to this as a state, is precisely the result of this internal political conflict and because the international powers have so far refused to make any serious criticism against this occupation.

If the UN and Iraq really do not want the Zakho massacre to be repeated and if they want to end the current state of occupation by the Turkish state, they must adopt a more resolute stance and fulfill their legal obligations. Otherwise, the inhuman policy of the Turkish state will be the cause of even more suffering and losses, and the Turkish state will become a permanent occupying power in Iraq.

The latest urgent UN Security Council meeting on this massacre was a positive step, but if it doesn't follow its decisions and take the necessary steps to stop the Turkish state's attacks, the Turkish state will continue these attacks.

The annex shows how Turkey has practiced massacring in South Kurdistan for many years. They could only do it because the silence of the international forces has given them the encouragement to do so. Therefore, it is time to put an end to the Turkish human rights and international humanitarian law violations." (ANF, 1 Aug 2022)

Aysel Tuğluk forced to make defense in Kobanî trial despite dementia

At today's (August 1) hearing in the Kobanî trial, arrested Kurdish politician Aysel Tuğluk said, "I don't know when it happened, what happened. I don't know what I'm being tried for."

The court board decided that Tuğluk, who has dementia, should attend the hearing via videoconference. They asked questions even though she said, "I'm not in a situation to defend myself."

Gültan Kışanak, another defendant and a prominent Kurdish politician, lashed out at the judges, saying, "Aren't you ashamed? You keep asking questions to a woman who doesn't even know her lawyer. Have respect."

The fifth session of the 15th hearing of the case where 108 members, including former co-chairs, of the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) are facing aggravated life sentences for "attempted overthrow" is being held at the Ankara 22nd Heavy Penal Court. The case concerns the deadly 2014 protests against the ISIS' assault on Syria's Kurdish town of Kobanî.

The politicians who are held at Ankara's Sincan Prison attended the hearing in person while defendants in other prisons attended via videoconference.

"Tuğluk should be released immediately"

Ahead of the hearing, politicians and the "Platform of 1000 Women for Aysel Tuğluk" gathered in front of the Sincan Prison Campus.

Speaking at the demonstration, Prof. Dr. Özgün said Tuğluk's rapidly progressing disease makes it impossible for her to live in prison conditions.

"Unfortunately, Aysel Tuğluk no longer has the opportunity to meet her needs and maintain her personal care without assistance. As a result of the treatment and examinations carried out by Kocaeli University Forensic Medicine Department months ago, it was stated that Aysel Tuğluk could not stay in prison, as we all know. Despite this, Aysel Tuğluk is still in prison pursuant to the reports of the Forensic Medicine Institution.

"Aysel Tuğluk needs to be released immediately to be able to be treated. Her illness is getting worse and worse. However, the right of defense, which can be used effectively only after treatment, is being taken away from her." (BIA, 1 August 2022)

Minorités / Minorities

2717 Yézidis victimes de l’EI toujours portés disparus

Alors que 6415 yézidis victimes de l’EI ont été secourus à ce jour, le sort de 2717 autres est toujours inconnu, a indiqué un responsable du KRG.

Dindar Zêbari, chargé des relations avec les ONG au sein du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan (KRG), a tenu une conférence de presse à l’occasion du 8e anniversaire du massacre perpétré par l’Etat islamique (EI) contre les yézidis de Shengal le 3 août 2014. D’après Zêbarî, 550 000 yézidis vivent dans la région du Sud-Kurdistan (nord de l’Irak), dont 135 000 dans des camps de réfugiés, tandis que 100 000 ont émigré vers l’étranger. 5 000 yézidis ont été tués et 68 lieux de culte yézidis ont été détruits lors du génocide, a ajouté le responsable kurde qui a également fait état de la découverte de 83 charniers dans la région.

Concernant les milliers de personnes, surtout des femmes et des enfants, enlevées par les djihadistes de l’EI lors de l’invasion de Shengal, Zebarî a déclaré que 6 415 d’entre elles avaient été secourues jusqu’à présent, tandis que le sort de 2717 autres était toujours inconnu.

Le représentant du KRG a également abordé la question de la reconnaissance internationale du génocide des yézidis « De nombreux comités ont été créés pour documenter les crimes de l’Etat islamique », a-t-il dit. Et d’ajouter: « Ces documents ont été soumis à la Cour pénale internationale de La Haye. Depuis deux ans, nous nous efforçons d’obtenir une reconnaissance internationale du massacre des yézidis. »

Pour finir, le représentant du KRG a souligné « la nécessité de surmonter les obstacles politiques et administratifs qui empêchent de rendre justice aux familles des victimes », afin de favoriser le retour des yézidis sur leurs terres. Il a toutefois passé sous silence les nombreux efforts déployés par l’administration autonome de Shengal pour le retour des réfugiés. (ROJINFO - 4 août 2022)

"Türkiye should recognize Ezîdî genocide"

Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) deputy Feleknas Uca has submitted a law proposal for the recognition of the Ezîdî Genocide on the eighth anniversary of the mass slaughter of Ezîdîs in Shingal, Iraqi Kurdistan.

Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany have recognized the Ezîdî Genocide.

"The majority of the Ezîdî people, who were separated from each other by the borders, lived in the Shexan and Shengal regions in the Iraqi Kurdistan Federated Region, and some of them lived in Armenia, Georgia, Afrin, Syrian Aleppo and the southeast of Türkiye.

"Throughout history, Ezîdîs have been subjected to genocide, massacred and forced to migrate many times, especially because of their faith.

"For this reason, Ezîdîs are dispersed in different parts of the world, such as Europe, America and Canada.

"The Êzidîs in the lands ruled by the Ottoman Empire, which ruled a large part of the Middle East, were not given the status of a nation by the Ottoman administration.

"The Ezîdîs living in the Republic of Türkiye immigrated to different parts of the world in the 1960s.

"The fate of the Ezîdîs, who were massacred 74 times in the past because of their different beliefs, did not change in the 21st century, and the Ezîdîs, who have passed their beliefs and cultures to the present day, were deprived of the means of defense against ISIS's combat vehicles and equipment with a devastating power. They were subjected to the massacre called the 74th Edict.

"The Ezîdîs who were displaced by ISIS were left for dead and deprived of all their material foundations to continue their lives.

"Thousands of Ezîdîs were killed, thousands of women and children were kidnapped, hundreds of children and sick and old people lost their lives because of hunger and thirst, heat during the day and cold at night.

"The whole world, especially Türkiye, the Iraqi Kurdistan Federated Region, Iraq and the United Nations should protect Ezîdîs. This cultural belief has been inherited not only by the Kurds, but by all humanity.

"The UN report included many recommendations for countries that should take responsibility for the genocide directly, such as Syria and Iraq, especially the UN agencies, as well as countries that are a part of the problem because they receive Ezîdî migration, such as Türkiye.

"As one of the countries hosting the sacred lands of the ancient Ezîdî community, Türkiye should be a country to take responsibility to prevent the destruction of the Ezîdî faith and culture through massacres and genocides. Unfortunately, the genocide against the Êzidî people was seen all over the world too late.

"Türkiye, which is the homeland of the Ezîdîs, has still not accepted the massacre of Ezîdîs by ISIS as genocide.

"In the eighth year of the genocide against the Ezîdî-Kurds, Türkiye should play its historical role by recognizing this genocide and waging an effective fight against ISIS." (BIA, 4 August 2022)

Young Armenian with autism was severely beaten to death

A young Armenian with autism was severely beaten by a group of men in Istanbul, Turkey, last week, journalist Ceylan Sever said in her tweet on Friday.

She told that a man assaulted 21-year-old Arlen Demirhan, reportedly accusing him of gazing at his wife suggestively, and Demirhan was hospitalized by the man and his friends.

Sever added that Demirhan had to undergo a surgical operation after the violent incident in order for his bladder to function normally again.

A suspect was captured, only to be released.

Garo Paylan, Armenian MP for the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), said:

"Arlen, a young man with autism, was attacked by five people in Uskudar last week. The incident is likely to be a hate crime as he was beaten almost to death, and no effective investigation has been launched to capture the assailants. Was Arlen beaten almost to death because he is an Armenian?" .  (GercekNews, 31 July 2022)

Politique intérieure/Interior Politics

La Confédération des Bandes Mafieuses se disloque

Ragip Duran, Chronique Turquie, 6 août 2022

Dessin: LeMan, 2 juin 2021

L’Etat, en tant que mécanisme dirigeant n’existe plus en Turquie. La Confédération des Bandes Mafieuses qui essaie de survivre est devenue la scène d’une lutte interfractionelle.

Dans les grandes villes, il y a presque tous les jours des assassinats en pleine rue, les comptes entre les bandes sont réglés avec des balles et du sang.

La police maritime a ouvert le feu contre un yacht à Bodrum (Egée) plusieurs dizaines de kilos d'héroïne ont été saisis le 29 juillet dernier.

Halil Falyalı, grand patron de casino et des sociétés de jeux on-line dans la partie turque de Chypre a été fusillé le 8 février devant son hôtel.

Un avocat est tué dans son restaurant par un tueur à gages à Istanbul, le 27 janvier.

Désormais, presque tout mort est considéré tout au moins est conçu comme un meurtre dans cette lutte interne des bandes mafieuses.

L’ancien chef de Mafia, Sedat Peker, ex partisan du régime d’Erdogan, a dû se réfugier aux Emirats Arabes Unis. Il publiait depuis mai 2021 sur les réseaux sociaux des vidéos ou des messages dans lesquels il dévoilait les actes illégaux, illégitimes, les combines, les irrégularités et les opérations de corruption menées par les hommes d’affaires soutenus par le gouvernement. Il publiait également des documents officiels originaux qui démontraient clairement l’illégalité de ces actes. Les procureurs et les médias du Palais ainsi que la presse de l’opposition kémaliste sont toujours sourds et aveugles devant ces révélations.

Récemment le gendre de la famille Koc, M. İnan Kirac, fut également l’objectif de Peker. Un monsieur de 80 ans, très gentil apparemment un homme d’affaires honnête, serait selon Peker, un agent du régime qui magouille au sein des milieux de l’industrie. Le silence continue chez les procureurs et dans la presse traditionnelle.

Seuls quelques journalistes indépendants, dont certains vivent à l’étranger, prennent au sérieux les aveux de Peker et les interroge à fond sur leurs comptes personnels de médias sociaux. 

Sur fond de crise économico-financière, les dénonciations de Peker attire l’attention du public. Il a plus de 5 millions d’abonnés et ses vidéos sont suivis en direct par au moins 3 millions d’internautes. Peker est désormais considéré comme le Robin des Bois, le nouveau sauveur des pauvres. Très peu de spécialistes remarquent que Peker n’est qu’un instrument d’une fraction de l’Etat Profond, qui soigneusement ne touche jamais aux bandes mafieuses de l’extrême-droite. Il est lui-même issu des Loups Gris.

Koray Duzgoren (75), journaliste indépendant, expliquait vendredi dernier, sur la chaîne Arti TV le nouveau paysage politique de la Turquie: ‘’L’Etat, au sens que nous savons n’existe plus. Car il n’y a plus de loi, plus de droit. Tout dépend d’un seul homme. Auparavant, des bandes mafieuses existaient toujours. Ils s’entendaient assez bien quand il y avait assez de revenus à partager. De plus, depuis 20 ans, il y avait, un homme au sommet de la pyramide qui dirigeait l’ensemble des bandes. C’était lui qui distribuait les dividendes, c’était lui qui faisait la division du travail. Mais désormais, les caisses sont vides. Il n’y a plus d’argent, plus de revenus, plus d’espace à exploiter. A l’exception peut-être des stupéfiants en provenance de l’étranger, de l’Amérique du Sud en particulier. Donc, dans ce nouveau paysage politico-économique, les bandes commencent à s’entre-déchirer. Chaque bande a son parrain dans l’Etat, ça peut être un ministre, ça peut être un petit fonctionnaire ou ça peut être quelqu’un de très haut placé. Ce qui est intéressant, c’est que chaque fraction a des documents qui peuvent compromettre les autres fractions. C’est en même temps une lutte de dénonciation et d’affichage entre les bandes. Cette lutte est menée via les médias.’’

Vers la fin de le règne d’Erdogan, le président de la République, préfère garder le silence alors que certains attaquent très violemment l’entourage proche d’Erdogan. Il n’a probablement pas beaucoup de choses à dire ou bien il y a autres personnes qui ont beaucoup de choses à dire.

Forces armées/Armed Forces

Affaires religieuses / Religious Affairs

Alevi communities in Turkey: Discriminated and persecuted

A demonstration to be staged in protest against a series of attacks that targeted Alevi institutions in Turkish capital Ankara was banned by Turkish authorities on Sunday, Yagmur Kaya of +Gerçek reported.

Three Alevi institutions, a house of gathering (djemevi) for the Alevi community and the offices of an association and a foundation, located in different neighborhoods, were subjected to simultaneous attacks on Saturday, the first day of Muharram fasting.

An official of the targeted Alevi foundation was injured by a an assailant.

The street where the demonstration was planned to begin were cordoned off by the police on Sunday as a large group of people including representatives of various Alevi institutions gathered in front of a djemevi in the neighborhood.

Following negotiations with the police, the officials of Alevi institutions announced their decision to cancel the demonstration, and were met with reactions from the crowd.

In a statement, the Ankara police department said that all three attacks were carried out by a single individual and the suspect was arrested.

Alevis have been subjected to discrimination and persecution throughout the history of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic, and were targeted in massacres, more recent of which were the massacre of Maras in 1978, Çorum in 1980 and Sivas in 1993, which left hundreds dead.

Alevi faith is not officially recognized as a distinct faith in Turkey, and djemevis are not accepted as places of religious significance like the mosques.  (GercekNews, 31 July 2022)

Socio-économique / Socio-economic

Men killed 28 women in July

According to the news compiled by bianet from local and national newspapers, news websites and news agencies, men killed at least 28 women and one child in July.

In June, the deaths of at least 14 women (in the provinces of (Adıyaman (2), Aydın (2) Antalya (1), Kastamonu (1), Erzincan (1), İstanbul (2), Muğla (1), Kocaeli (1), Edirne (1), Urfa(1), Sakarya (1)) were reported in the press as "suspicious."

Men inflicted violence on at least 64 women, abused at least 16 girls and boys, harassed at least 17 women, and forced 12 women to do sex work.


In the first seven months of 2022, men killed 191 women, harassed 89 women, abused 163 women, inflicted violence on 455 women, and raped 20 women. Men forced at least 363 women to do sex work. In the first seven months of 2022, deaths of 119 women were reported in the press as "suspicious," and men killed 23 women in the first seven months of 2022.

In the first seven months of 2021, men killed 174 women, harassed 78 women, abused 85 children, and raped 62 women.men forced at least 409 women to do sex work, inflicted violence and injured on at least 491 women. In the first seven months of 2021, deaths of 131 women were reported in the press as "suspicious," and men killed at least 15 children.


Men killed at least 28 women in July; this figure was 24 in the same month last year. Men also killed three men who were with the women whom they killed.

At least five women were killed despite protection orders. One of the killed women was from Uzbekistan.

Women killed by men in July

Birgül BÇ., Derya Tekin, Döndü S., E.B., Elif Güneş, Emine Y., Esra Altınkaynak, Esra Yamak, Ezgi Ö., Fatma Ö., Güllü S., Gülperi Aksoy, Huriye B., Kader D., Nedime Dinçer, Nurcan Orman, Nurgül Gülsoy D., Nuriye M., Nurten O., Öznur Tufan, Pınar Damar, R.D.A, Servet Bakırtaş, Sojida Kalandarova, Sultan P., Tülay E., Yasemin Çedik, Zeynep T. (BIA, 3 August 2022)

Relations turco-européennes / Turkey-Europe Relations

Chants pro-Poutine à Fenerbahçe: l'UEFA inflige 50.000 euros d'amende au club turc

L'Union européenne de football a infligé vendredi une amende de 50.000 euros au club turc de Fenerbahçe pour sanctionner les slogans chantés par une partie de ses supporters en faveur du président russe Vladimir Poutine lors d'un match contre les Ukrainiens du Dynamo Kiev le 27 juillet dernier à Istanbul.

L'UEFA a par ailleurs imposé une fermeture partielle du stade du club turc, avec la condamnation d'au moins 5.000 places, lors de son prochain match européen à domicile.

L'instance européenne précise dans un communiqué que ces mesures ont été décidées en réponse aux "jets d'objets et à la transmission d'un message provocateur à caractère offensant, à savoir des chants illicites".

Les incidents se sont produits lors d'un match comptant pour le 2e tour des qualifications de la Ligue des champions, remporté 2-1 par le Dynamo Kiev.

Après un but inscrit par l'Ukrainien Vitaliy Buyalski (57e), quelques centaines de supporters de Fenerbahçe ont scandé le nom du chef d'État russe, selon des vidéos publiées sur des réseaux sociaux.

L'UEFA avait ouvert dans la foulée une enquête disciplinaire sur les "supposés mauvais comportements" des supporters turcs.

Fenerbahçe s'était dans un premier temps excusé par voie de communiqué, avant que son président annonce trois jours plus tard que le club ne présenterait pas ses excuses à l'Ukraine pour ces slogans pro-Poutine.

De son côté, l'ambassadeur d'Ukraine en Turquie, Vasyl Bodnar, a condamné ces chants dès le lendemain du match. "Il est très triste d'entendre de la part des supporters de Fenerbahçe des mots qui soutiennent l'assassin et l'agresseur qui bombarde notre pays", avait-il réagi en turc sur Twitter.

Les slogans pro-Poutine ont aussi provoqué un tollé sur les réseaux sociaux, où de nombreux internautes turcs les ont qualifiés de "honteux".

Tout en condamnant rapidement l'offensive russe en Ukraine, la Turquie a opté pour la neutralité entre les deux pays et ne s'est pas jointe aux sanctions occidentales contre Moscou. (AFP, 5 août 2022)

Une centaine de parlementaires français dénoncent "la politique de guerre d'Erdogan"

Une centaine de parlementaires français, surtout de gauche, dénoncent "la politique de guerre du président" turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan à l'égard des Kurdes du nord de la Syrie et appellent à "ne rien céder face à ses intimidations", dans une tribune sur le site du JDD samedi.

"Alors que la Russie de Vladimir Poutine multiplie les crimes de guerre en Ukraine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan , à l'ombre de l'émotion mondiale, envisage de lancer une énième offensive sanguinaire contre les Kurdes du nord de la Syrie", affirment les signataires de cette tribune initiée par la sénatrice communiste du Val-de-Marne Laurence Cohen.

Le président turc "profite de son statut de pivot de l'Otan dans le cadre du conflit en Ukraine pour obtenir le blanc-seing de l'Alliance atlantique afin d'intensifier ses attaques dans le nord de la Syrie", estiment ces députés et sénateurs communistes, LFI, socialistes, écologistes mais aussi quelques LR ou de la majorité.

"Parlementaires de toutes sensibilités politiques, nous dénonçons la politique de guerre du président Erdogan et appelons les dirigeants et responsables européens à ne rien céder face à ses intimidations !", réclament-ils.

"En 2019 déjà, Erdogan avait lancé une offensive au prix d'innombrables pertes civiles, de destructions et d'actes de barbarie, visant à la déstabilisation du tissu social et politique kurde. Face aux exactions commises par l'armée turque, les pays occidentaux ne doivent plus détourner les yeux", dénoncent ces élus.

Ces parlementaires français appellent les Etats membres de l'Union européenne "à garantir la protection des militants et des associations kurdes présents sur le sol européen. Nous invitons la France à saisir le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU pour décréter une zone d'exclusion aérienne au nord de la Syrie et placer les Kurdes de Syrie sous protection internationale".

"Enfin, nous demandons que l'Aanes (l'Administration autonome du nord et de l'est de la Syrie) puisse bénéficier d'une reconnaissance internationale, afin d'aboutir à une solution politique susceptible de construire une paix durable dans la région", concluent-ils dans cette tribune.

Le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a menacé à plusieurs reprises de lancer une offensive militaire contre les militants kurdes dans le nord de la Syrie, afin de créer une "zone de sécurité", à la suite d'une opération menée en 2019. (AFP, 30 juil 2022)

Fenerbahçe refuse de s'excuser auprès de l'Ukraine pour les slogans pro-Poutine

Le président de Fenerbahçe a affirmé samedi que le club turc ne présenterait pas ses excuses à l'Ukraine pour les slogans pro-Poutine chantés par ses supporters lors du match contre le Dynamo Kiev mercredi soir à Istanbul.

"Nous n'allons pas nous excuser auprès de l'Ukraine. C'est à l'ambassadeur de l'Ukraine et au porte-parole du ministère ukrainien des Affaires étrangères de nous présenter des excuses, après leurs propos déplacés", a affirmé le président du club Ali Koç.

"Je pense que c'était un slogan inapproprié et inutile, loin de l'identité de Fenerbahçe. Mais que pouvons-nous faire? Fermer leur bouche?", a-t-il ajouté.

L'ambassadeur d'Ukraine en Turquie, Vasyl Bodnar, avait condamné jeudi les slogans chantés par les supporters turcs.

"Il est très triste d'entendre de la part des supporters de Fenerbahçe des mots qui soutiennent l'assassin et l'agresseur qui bombarde notre pays", avait-il réagi en turc sur Twitter.

"Nos forces armées ont battu 2-1 Poutine sur le terrain turc (...) Nous recommendons aux supporters turcs d'être du côté du vainqueur", avait tweeté de son côté le porte-parole du ministère ukrainien des Affaires étrangères Oleg Nikolenko.

Le Dynamo Kiev a battu Fenerbahçe 2 à 1 au 2e tour de qualification pour la Ligue des champions.
 Après le but marqué par l'Ukrainien Vitaliy Buyalski (57e), les supporters de Fenerbahçe ont commencé à chanter le nom du chef de l'État russe, selon les vidéos partagées par les réseaux sociaux.

L'UEFA a annoncé jeudi l'ouverture d'une enquête disciplinaire sur les "supposés mauvais comportements" des supporters turcs.

Avant le refus de demander pardon de son président, Fenerbahçe avait condamné l'attitude de ses supporters jeudi dans un communiqué.

Les slogans pro-Poutine ont aussi provoqué un tollé sur les réseaux sociaux où de nombreux internautes turcs les ont qualifiés de "honteux".

"Je condamné ceux qui tentent de donner un sens politique à un slogan qui a duré 20 secondes, comme si c'était une action coordonnée. La position de Fenerbahçe, comme celle de la Turquie, par rapport à cette invasion est nette. Nous ne sommes du côté de personne. Nous avons des joueurs ukrainiens et russes", a affirmé M. Koç.

Tout en condamnant rapidement l'offensive russe en Ukraine, la Turquie a opté pour la neutralité entre les deux pays et ne s'est pas jointe aux sanctions occidentales contre Moscou. (AFP, 30 juil 2022)

Turquie-USA-OTAN / Turkey-USA-NATO

Relations régionales / Regional Relations

A Sotchi, Erdogan et Poutine font ami-ami

Blandine Lavignon, Libération, 5 août 2022

Le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, qui tente de se poser en médiateur dans la guerre en Ukraine, a rencontré son homologue russe, Vladimir Poutine, à Sotchi, en Russie. Ils se sont mis d’accord pour renforcer leur coopération.

«Le fer se bat quand il est rouge de chaleur» («demir tavında dövülür»). Un proverbe turc que le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan semble prendre au pied de la lettre. Ce vendredi, il était en visite à Sotchi, sur les rives russes de la mer Noire, pour une rencontre avec son homologue Vladimir Poutine. Est-ce un hasard, le déplacement d’Erdogan coïncidait avec le départ de trois nouveaux navires de céréales d’Ukraine sur la route du Bosphore, de nouveau ouverte depuis la signature d’un accord sur les exportations de céréales entre Kyiv et Moscou sous la médiation d’Ankara.

A l’issue de leur entretien, les deux dirigeants se sont mis d’accord pour accentuer leur coopération énergétique et économique : «renforcer les échanges commerciaux entre leurs pays» et «aller à la rencontre des attentes mutuelles dans le domaine de l’économie et de l’énergie», précise le communiqué. Un succès diplomatique qu’Erdogan compte bien exploiter pour se positionner comme un interlocuteur privilégié auprès du Kremlin.

Après l’arrivée de l’avion présidentiel turc sur le sol russe en milieu d’après-midi, Recep Tayyip Erdogan et Vladimir Poutine se sont d’abord retrouvés pour un entretien en tête à tête, trois semaines après celui qui les avait réunis à Téhéran, en Iran. L’occasion d’une première prise de température et d’entretenir l’image d’une relation privilégiée entre les deux hommes. Ils ont ensuite été rejoints par leurs délégations respectives pour un échange plus formel. Celle de la Turquie, composée des ministres des Affaires étrangères, de la Défense, de l’Economie et de l’Energie, était à l’image des thématiques à l’ordre du jour de cette rencontre.

Objectif turc : ouvrir des négociations en vue d’une trêve en Ukraine

La guerre en Ukraine a été le sujet central des discussions. Forte de son récent succès sur la réouverture de la route des céréales, la Turquie souhaite désormais tenter d’obtenir l’ouverture de négociations en vue d’une trêve entre Moscou et Kyiv. Depuis le début de la guerre, Ankara est au cœur des tentatives de médiation entre l’agresseur et l’agressé. Entretenant de bonnes relations avec les deux belligérants, le régime turc tente de s’imposer comme un acteur modéré, un négociateur clef du conflit. Un premier face-à-face des chefs de la diplomatie russe et ukrainienne avait ainsi été organisé le 10 mars en marge du forum diplomatique d’Antalya dans l’espoir de mettre fin au conflit russo-ukrainien. Mais les négociations n’avaient pu aboutir à des avancées concrètes.

Ce vendredi, Vladimir Poutine a souligné le rôle turc dans l’accord sur les exportations de céréales, sans toutefois se dire prêt à plancher sur un cessez-le-feu. «Grâce à votre participation directe et à la médiation du secrétariat de l’ONU, le problème lié aux livraisons des céréales ukrainiennes en provenance des ports de la mer Noire a été réglé. Les livraisons ont déjà commencé, et je voudrais vous en remercier», a-t-il déclaré.

Vers une nouvelle offensive contre les Kurdes en Syrie ?

Autre dossier particulièrement sensible, celui de la menace d’une nouvelle offensive turque en Syrie. A Téhéran, Poutine avait mis en garde Erdogan de toute nouvelle opération dans ce pays, où les intérêts russes et turcs sont opposés. Moscou appuie le régime de Bachar al-Assad tandis qu’Ankara soutient des groupes d’opposition. Mais le chef de l’Etat turc compte bien aborder cette ligne rouge avec son homologue à Sotchi. «Discuter à cette occasion des développements en Syrie permettra d’apaiser la région. Notre solidarité dans la lutte contre le terrorisme est très importante», a-t-il souligné.

Depuis plusieurs semaines, le régime turc ne cesse d’agiter l’imminence d’une opération en Syrie, par laquelle il souhaite repousser les forces kurdes qui contrôlent les localités à la frontière turco-syrienne. L’intervention militaire, qui vise à établir une «zone de sécurité» d’une profondeur de 30 kilomètres depuis la frontière turque dans les terres syriennes, serait la quatrième du genre lancée par Ankara depuis 2016. Mais comme les précédentes, elle nécessite l’aval russe. Selon la presse turque, le Kremlin serait prêt à donner son feu vert en échange de la fourniture de drones de combat Bayraktar-TB2, ceux fournis par la Turquie à l’Ukraine. Une information non confirmée par les chefs d’Etat, bien que le président des industries de défense turques, Ismail Demir, ait accompagné Recep Tayypip Erdogan à Sotchi.

Dépendance au gaz russe

La question de la coopération économique a également été au menu de la rencontre sur les rives de la mer Noire, alors que la Turquie s’enfonce dans une profonde crise économique avec une inflation qui avoisine les 80 %. Ainsi, Poutine a dit espérer la signature d’un accord pour renforcer la coopération économique avec la Turquie. Il a également souligné le rôle d’Ankara dans le transit du gaz russe vers l’Europe, via le gazoduc TurkStream : «Les partenaires européens doivent être reconnaissants envers la Turquie parce qu’elle assure le transit ininterrompu du gaz russe.»

La Turquie, qui importe l’essentiel de son énergie, est particulièrement dépendante du gaz russe, qui lui fournit 45 % de ses besoins. Le chef de l’Etat turc espère que la construction de la future centrale de la société russe Rosatom, sur la côte méditerranéenne de la Turquie, respectera le «calendrier fixé». Une fois opérationnelle, elle devrait couvrir 10 % des besoins énergétiques du pays.

En amont de la rencontre, Recep Tayyip Erdogan a dit avoir l’espoir que cette visite à Sotchi puisse ouvrir «une page très différente dans les relations russo-turques», soulignant que les discussions entre les délégations avaient été «très productives». Productive aussi pour son image, lui qui voit dans la crise ukrainienne et ses conséquences une opportunité inespérée de redorer sa popularité ternie à l’intérieur comme à l’extérieur des frontières turques.

Chypre et la Grèce / Cyprus and Greece

Immigration / Migration

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Toutes les informations depuis 1976 click All informations since 1976